1. Environmental protection technology and equipment.
Sewage treatment. Focus on membrane treatment, new biological nitrogen removal, prevention and control of heavy metal wastewater pollution, advanced treatment technology for high concentration of refractory organic wastewater; focus on demonstration sludge biological reduction, mobile emergency water treatment equipment, water ecological restoration technology and equipment. We will promote technologies and equipment such as efficient energy-saving aeration, upgrading of sewage treatment plants, rural non-point source pollution control, and sludge treatment and disposal.
Garbage disposal. Research and development of leachate treatment technologies and equipment, demonstration and promotion of large-scale incineration power generation and flue gas purification systems, high-efficiency treatment technologies for small and medium-sized incinerators, large-scale landfill biogas recovery and power generation technologies and equipment, and vigorous promotion of domestic waste pretreatment technology and equipment.
Air pollution control. To develop and promote technologies and equipment for flue gas denitrification, high-efficiency catalytic conversion of automobile exhaust gas, and treatment of industrial organic waste gas in key industries, demonstration and promotion of flue gas desulphurization technologies and equipment for non-electric power industries, and transformation and upgrading of existing coal-fired power plants and large and medium-sized industrial boiler kilns Gas desulphurization technology and equipment, accelerate the demonstration application of advanced bag filter, electric bag composite dust removal technology and fine dust control technology.
Hazardous waste and soil pollution control. Accelerate the development of technologies and equipment for the treatment of contaminated soils such as heavy metals, hazardous chemicals, persistent organic pollutants, and radioactive sources. Promote safe and effective hazardous waste and medical waste treatment and disposal technologies and devices.
Monitoring equipment. Accelerate the development and application of large-scale laboratory general analysis, rapid and accurate portable or vehicle-mounted emergency environmental monitoring, pollution source smoke, industrial organic pollutants and heavy metal pollution on-line continuous monitoring technology equipment.
2. Environmentally friendly products.
Environmental protection materials. Focuses on the development and demonstration of membrane materials and membrane modules, high-performance impervious materials, high-end fiber filters and accessories for bag filters, and promotion of ion exchange resins, biofilters and fillers, and high-efficiency activated carbon.
Environmental protection agent. Focuses on the development and demonstration of organic synthesis of polymer flocculants, microbial flocculants, denitrification catalysts and carriers, high performance desulfurizers, etc.; promotion of circulating cooling water treatment agents, bactericidal algaecides, water treatment disinfectants, solid waste treatment curing agents and Stabilizers, etc.
3. Environmental services.
We will focus on the treatment of urban sewage waste, thermal desulphurization and denitrification of thermal power plants, and disposal of hazardous wastes and medical waste. We will promote the specialization, marketization, and socialization of the construction and operation of environmental protection facilities. We will vigorously develop environmental protection service systems such as environmental investment and financing, cleaner production audits, certification assessment, environmental insurance, environmental lawsuits, education and training, and explore new service models.
Box 3 Key technologies of the environmental protection industry Membrane treatment technologies are used for the recycling of wastewater, the treatment of high-concentration organic wastewater, and the treatment of landfill leachate. The focus of research and development is on high-performance membrane materials and membrane modules, which will reduce costs, increase membrane flux, extend the life of membrane materials, and improve anti-pollution properties.
Sludge treatment and disposal technology is used for sludge treatment in domestic sewage treatment plants. The focus is on treatment and disposal technologies such as anaerobic digestion of sludge or aerobic fermentation for use in farmland, incineration and production of building materials, and research and development of sludge reduction processes such as bio-reduction for small and medium sewage treatment plants.
Desulfurization and denitrification technology is used for the treatment of flue gas in power, steel, nonferrous metals, and industrial boilers. The focus of research and development is on the preparation of denitration catalysts and resource desulfurization technology and equipment.
Bag and electric bag composite dust removal technology is used in thermal power, steel, nonferrous metals, building materials and other industries. The focus is on the localization of high-temperature resistant, corrosion-resistant fibers and filter materials, and development of high-efficiency electric bag compound dust collectors, high-quality filter bags and equipment accessories.
The VOC control technology is used for the control and recycling of volatile organic pollutants from various industries. The focus of research and development is on new functional adsorbent materials and adsorption recovery technology, new catalytic materials, and optimized catalytic combustion and heat recovery technologies.
Diesel engine (vehicle) exhaust gas purification technology is used in heavy duty diesel engines and light diesel vehicles with emission standards above the national IV standard. R&D focuses on selective catalytic reduction (SCR) and its equipment, SCR catalysts and corresponding urea injection systems, and high-efficiency, high-capacity, low-resistance particulate filters.
The solid waste incineration treatment technology is used for the treatment of municipal solid waste, hazardous waste, and medical waste. The research and development focus is on the grate and its drive system, circulating fluidized bed pretreatment technology, incineration flue gas purification technology, two British control technology, and fly ash disposal technology of large-scale waste incineration facilities.
Water ecological restoration technology is used in contaminated natural water bodies. Focus on the development of red tides, water bloom forecasting, prevention and treatment technologies, biological control technologies and recovery of algae, anaerobic biogas production from aquatic plants, resource technologies for power generation and fertilizer production, and oil spilled water restoration technologies.
Contaminated site soil remediation technology is used to contaminate soil remediation. The focus is on the in-situ detoxification of contaminated soils, ectopic stabilizers, soil-curing agents for roadbed materials, and resource-refining technologies and biological remediation technologies for contaminated soils.
Pollution source online monitoring technology is used for environmental monitoring. The focus of research and development is on organic pollutants automatic monitoring systems, new smoke continuous automatic detection technologies, heavy metal on-line monitoring systems, and dangerous goods transportation carriers real-time monitoring systems.
Fourth, key projects (a) major energy-saving technologies and equipment industrialization projects.
Around 10-15 large-scale fluidized-bed boilers and powders have been formed through major industrial demonstrations of large-scale technologies and equipment and large-scale application, focusing on key areas such as boiler kiln, energy saving potential, large-scale energy-saving boiler kiln, electric motor system, waste heat and residual pressure utilization. Gasification, regenerative combustion, high-efficiency heat exchangers and other high-efficiency combustion and heat transfer technology features a manufacturing base; 15-20 rare earth permanent magnet coreless motor, high-voltage variable frequency control, reactive power compensation and other high-performance motor and Control system industrialization base; 5-10 low-grade waste heat power generation, low- and medium-density CBM utilization, and other waste heat and energy utilization equipment manufacturing base. By 2015, the market share of high-efficiency energy-saving technologies and equipment will increase from less than 5% at present to around 30%, and the output value will reach 500 billion yuan.
(b) Semiconductor lighting industrialization and application engineering.
Integrate existing resources, increase industrial concentration, and realize the industrialization of semiconductor lighting technology and equipment. Cultivate 10-15 leading companies with core technologies, more independent intellectual property rights and well-known brands; key production equipment and important raw materials to achieve localization; high-end application products reaching the world's advanced level; establishing a testing platform with international advanced level; A batch of emerging semiconductor industrial clusters with perfect industrial chain, strong innovation capacity and distinctive features. Gradually promote semiconductor lighting products. By 2015, the general lighting product market share will reach 20%, the liquid crystal backlight source will reach 70%, the landscape decoration product will reach 80%, the semiconductor lighting industry output value will reach 450 billion yuan, and the annual energy saving will be 60 billion kilowatt-hours. Internationally competitive semiconductor lighting industry.
(C) "urban minerals" demonstration project.
Build demonstration bases for â€œurban mineralsâ€ in 50 countries to support the recycling system, industrialization of resource recycling, construction of pollution control facilities and service platforms, and promotion of waste electrical and mechanical equipment, wire and cable, household appliances, automobiles, mobile phones, lead-acid batteries, plastics, and rubber Recycling, scale utilization, and high value use of renewable resources. By 2015, a recycling capacity of 25 million tons will be formed, including 2 million tons of recycled copper, 2.5 million tons of recycled aluminum, 10 million tons of scrap steel, and 10 tons of gold, with an output value of 430 billion yuan.
(d) Remanufacturing industrialization projects.
Support the remanufacturing of auto parts, construction machinery, and machine tools, improve the recyclable old parts recycling system, and focus on supporting the establishment of 5-10 national remanufacturing industrial clusters and a number of major demonstration projects. By 2015, 800,000 remanufactured engines, 8 million gearboxes, starters, and generators, 200,000 sets of construction machinery, mining machinery, and agricultural machinery will be remanufactured, and the output value of the remanufacturing industry will reach 50 billion yuan.
(5) Industrial waste resource utilization project.
With the focus on the recycling of associated mineral resources, the sorting and recovery of tailings and rare metals, and the use of large amounts of high-value added solid waste, we will promote the construction of a comprehensive utilization base of resources, encourage industrial agglomeration, and rely on demonstration bases and leading enterprises. The pattern of development. Focusing on iron ore, copper ore, gold ore, vanadium ore, lead-zinc ore, and tungsten ore, promote the comprehensive use of associated mineral resources and tailings, and promote the recycling of construction waste and road asphalt. By 2015, the comprehensive utilization capacity of newly added solid waste will be about 400 million tons, and the output value will reach 150 billion yuan.
(6) Major demonstration projects for environmental protection technology equipment and product industrialization.
Promote the industrialization of core technologies such as heavy metal pollution control, sludge treatment and disposal, volatile organics treatment, and cleaner production of livestock and poultry; key advanced membrane bioreactors (MBRs), waste incineration, flue gas treatment, flue gas desulphurization and denitrification, and other advanced technologies Equipment and energy, agriculture, etc. Clean production of major technical equipment; Promotion of urban domestic wastewater deep nitrogen and phosphorus removal equipment, 300 megawatt and above coal-fired power plant flue gas denitrification technology, 600 MW and above coal-fired power plant flue gas desulfurization And bag or electric bag composite dust removal equipment and efficient waste incinerators and other major equipment. It possesses relevant intellectual property rights for the production of pollution control materials such as high-performance membranes, denitrification catalysts, nanoscale titanium dioxide carriers, and high-efficiency filter media. By 2015, the output value of environmental protection equipment will exceed 500 billion yuan, and the output value of environmental protection materials will exceed 100 billion yuan. The key materials for environmental protection will basically be industrialized, forming 5-10 environmental protection industrial clusters and 10-15 environmental protection technologies and equipment industrialization bases.
(7) Construction project of seawater desalination industrial base.
To cultivate seawater desalination industrial bases that include engineering design and equipment manufacturing companies, research institutes, universities, and related raw material production companies, and integrate R&D, incubation, production, integration, inspection and inspection, and engineering and technical services. By 2015, 2-3 state-level seawater desalination industrialization bases will be built, and the key technologies and equipment, related materials research and development and manufacturing capabilities will reach the international advanced level, the seawater desalination capacity will reach 2.2-2.6 million tons/day, and seawater desalination and related The industrial output value is 50 billion yuan.
(8) Energy conservation and environmental protection service industry cultivation project.
We will vigorously promote contract energy management. By 2015, we will strive to develop more than 2,000 specialized energy service companies, including 20 energy-saving service companies with an annual output value of more than 1 billion yuan, and the total output value of energy-saving service industry will exceed 300 billion yuan, accumulating energy savings. Capacity of 60 million tons of standard coal. Establish a comprehensive environmental protection service system. We will actively develop general contracting companies with system design, equipment integration, engineering construction, commissioning, operation, maintenance and management. We will vigorously promote the professionalization and socialized operation of environmental protection facilities and support environmental consulting service companies. By 2015, the environmental protection service industry will have an output value of over 500 billion yuan, among which 50 companies will have an annual output value of more than 1 billion yuan. The ratio of specialization and social service in the urban sewage waste treatment and power industry flue gas desulphurization and denitrification accounts for the proportion of the whole industry. A substantial increase.
V. Policy measures (a) Improve prices, fees and land policies.
Accelerate the reform of resource product prices. Study and formulate policies to encourage waste heat and pressure power generation and backpressure thermoelectricity to access the Internet and prices. Improve the power peak-to-peak time-of-use price policy. The punitive electricity price shall be applied to enterprises and products whose energy consumption exceeds the national and regional standards for energy consumption (power consumption) per unit product. Strictly implement the desulfurization price, study and formulate the denitrification price policy for coal-fired power plants. We will deepen the market-oriented reform of municipal public utilities, further improve the sewage treatment fee policy, study the gradual integration of sludge treatment costs into the sewage treatment costs, and study and improve the system for collecting sewage treatment fees for self-owned water users. Improve waste disposal methods, rationally determine charge carriers and standards, reduce collection costs, and increase collection rates. For urban land and sewage waste treatment facilities, "urban minerals" demonstration bases, and centralized resource treatment centers, and other project-supported land, key protection is provided in the annual plan for land use.
(B) increase financial and tax policy support.
Governments at all levels must arrange financial funds to support and guide the development of energy-saving and environmental protection industries. Arrange for a special fund for the central government's energy-saving emission reduction and recycling economy development, adopt subsidies, interest subsidies, incentives, etc., support key projects for energy conservation and emission reduction, and key projects for the development of energy-saving and environmental protection industries, and accelerate the implementation of contract energy management. Central budget investment and other special funds for the central government must increase support for energy-saving and environmental protection industries. The state-owned capital operating budget will prioritize enterprises to implement energy-saving and environmental protection projects. Strictly implement and continuously improve the existing preferential taxation policies for energy saving, water saving, environmental protection, and comprehensive utilization of resources. Comprehensive reform of resource taxes. Actively promote environmental tax reform. Implementation of energy-saving service companies to implement contract energy management project tax preferential policies.
(3) Broadening investment and financing channels.
Encourage banking financial institutions to actively carry out financial innovations under the premise of meeting regulatory requirements and increase support for energy conservation and environmental protection industries. In accordance with the policy, it explores the inclusion of franchise rights, fee-charging rights, etc. in the scope of loan collateral. Establish a bank's green rating system and use green credit effectiveness as an element of supervision and performance evaluation of banking institutions. Encourage credit guarantee institutions to increase the support for financing guarantees for energy-saving and environmental-protection enterprises with good qualifications and standardized management. Support eligible energy-saving environmental protection companies to issue corporate bonds, SME bonds, short-term financing bills, medium-term notes, etc., focusing on the construction of environmental protection facilities and renewable resource recycling facilities. Select a number of energy-saving and environmental protection companies with better qualifications and launch non-public issuance of corporate bonds. Support eligible energy-saving and environmental protection companies for listing and financing. Study and establish energy-saving and environmental protection industry investment funds. Promote the implementation of investment and financing policy measures that support the development of circular economy. Encourage and guide private investment and foreign investment in the field of energy conservation and environmental protection industries, and support private capital in the construction of municipal public utilities such as sewage and garbage disposal.
(d) Improve import and export policies.
Through the improvement of export sellerâ€™s credit and buyerâ€™s credit policy, encourage energy-saving and environmental protection equipment to be transformed from equipment-based general contracting to complete-supply-based equipment general contracting and project general contracting; when arranging foreign aid, according to external working needs and recipient countries It is required to actively arrange energy conservation and environmental protection projects such as public environmental infrastructure and industrial pollution control facilities. We will establish import processing areas for renewable resources, strengthen joint supervision, and actively improve the import management system mechanisms that are compatible with international rules and practices and are conducive to China's access to international renewable resources and promote the healthy development of domestic energy conservation and environmental protection industries. The key spare parts and raw materials that are necessary for the import of large-scale energy-saving and environmental-protection equipment must be researched and exempted from import duties and import VAT.
(v) Strengthen technical support.
Released the national energy conservation and environmental protection industry technology catalogue encouraged by the government. On the basis of fully integrating existing scientific and technological resources, a number of national engineering research centers, national engineering laboratories, and national product quality supervision and inspection centers have been established in the field of energy conservation and environmental protection, and a group of leading enterprises led by key enterprises and research institutes have participated in energy conservation. The environmental protection industry technology innovation platform has established a number of energy-saving and environmental protection industrialized science and technology innovation demonstration zones to support research and development of complete sets of equipment and related equipment, key common technologies and advanced manufacturing technologies. Promote the application of China's first (set) major energy-saving and environmental protection equipment.
(6) Improve laws and regulations.
We will improve the energy conservation and environmental protection laws and regulations system, which is centered on environmental protection laws, energy conservation laws, circular economy promotion laws, and cleaner production promotion laws. Research and establish a producer responsibility extension system, gradually establish related waste product recovery and disposal funds, and study and formulate compulsory recovery product catalogs and package management methods. Through the establishment (repair) of energy conservation and environmental protection standards, give full play to the role of standards in the promotion of industrial development. We will gradually increase the energy efficiency standards for key energy-using products, revise and improve the mandatory standards for energy consumption limits in key industries, establish a "leadership" standard system for energy efficiency, and strengthen the control requirements for total amount control and toxic and hazardous pollutant emissions, and improve the pollutant discharge standards system.
(g) Strengthen supervision and management.
Strict energy conservation and environmental protection law enforcement supervision and inspection, severely investigate and deal with all kinds of illegal and irregular behavior, and increase punishment. The implementation of energy-saving emission reduction target responsibility, carry out special inspections and inspections. Strengthen daily supervision and inspection of key energy-consuming units and pollution sources, and conduct online automatic monitoring of pollution control facilities. Strengthen market supervision, product quality supervision, and strengthen supervision and management of standard signs. The implementation of the various provisions of bidding, give full play to the role of industry associations and strengthen industry self-regulation. We must rectify and standardize the energy conservation and environmental protection market order, break local protection and industry monopoly, combat unfair competition such as low-price competition and vicious competition, promote fair competition and orderly competition, and create a favorable market environment for the development of energy-saving and environmental protection industries.
VI. Organizing and implementing the relevant departments of the State Council shall, in accordance with the division of work, formulate and improve relevant policies and measures to form a joint force to ensure the smooth implementation of this plan. All regions should, in accordance with the objectives, tasks, and policies and measures set out in the plan, swiftly formulate specific implementation plans in light of local actual conditions to ensure effective results.
The National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Environmental Protection must strengthen the follow-up analysis and supervision of the implementation of the plan, and carry out post-evaluation in a timely manner. In light of the new situations and new issues arising during the implementation of the plan, timely solutions are proposed and major issues are reported to the State Council in a timely manner.
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